The King of Missions
This is another shot from the inside of Mission San Luis Rey in Oceanside, California. The Padres were kind enough to allow photography and even tripods to be used which made shooting this so much easier. We’d like to thank them for their kindness and generosity.
The goals of the missions were, above all, to establish a Spanish presence in the Las Californias province and to become independently self-supportive (by their standards and perceived needs). Ranching and farming were the most important industry of the mission. To have the indigenous residents (The Luiseño) using foreign skills, training in agriculture for European crops, blacksmithing, and domestic animal husbandry was given. The Luiseños were relocated and conscripted to do the herding, farming, construction, hide tanning, leather work, weaving, cooking, and cleaning.(Pretty much everything the Spanish didn’t care to do). Everything consumed and utilized by the Spanish and Luiseño living at the mission was predominantly produced there by those native people under the control of Padres and soldiers. Imports, by sea and overland, from central New Spain (Mexico) added with some trade goods and the Crown’s modest supplemental funds.